If you are a researcher who would like to contact Posit Science about using BrainHQ in a study, please fill out our research study form.

For your reference, below is a list (organized by subject population) of completed studies in which one or more BrainHQ exercises were used as an intervention. This list is for researchers only. BrainHQ is not intended to diagnose or treat any clinical indication. 

For information about the proven benefits of BrianHQ, view our webpage summarizing these findings with BrainHQ.

Mishra, J., R. Sagar, A. A. Joseph, A. Gazzaley, and M. M. Merzenich. 2016. “Training Sensory Signal-to-Noise Resolution in Children with ADHD in a Global Mental Health Setting.” Translational Psychiatry 6 (4): e781. http://www.nature.com/tp/journal/v6/n4/abs/tp201645a.html.
Mishra, Jyoti, Michael M. Merzenich, and Rajesh Sagar. 2013. “Accessible Online Neuroplasticity-Targeted Training for Children with ADHD.” Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health 7 (1): 38. https://doi.org/10.1186/1753-2000-7-38.
Lewandowski, Kathryn E., Sarah H. Sperry, Bruce M. Cohen, Lesley A. Norris, Garrett M. Fitzmaurice, Dost Ongur, and Matcheri S. Keshavan. 2017. “Treatment to Enhance Cognition in Bipolar Disorder (TREC-BD): Efficacy of a Randomized Controlled Trial of Cognitive Remediation versus Active Control.” The Journal of Clinical Psychiatry 78 (9): 1242–49. https://doi.org/10.4088/JCP.17m11476.
Von Ah, Diane, Brenna C. McDonald, Adele D. Crouch, Susan Ofner, Susan Perkins, Susan Storey, Robert Considine, and Fred Unverzagt. 2022. “Randomized Double-Masked Controlled Trial of Cognitive Training in Breast Cancer Survivors: A Preliminary Study.” Supportive Care in Cancer, June. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00520-022-07182-4.
Meneses, Karen, Rachel Benz, Jennifer R. Bail, Jacqueline B. Vo, Kristen Triebel, Pariya Fazeli, Jennifer Frank, and David E. Vance. 2018. “Speed of Processing Training in Middle-Aged and Older Breast Cancer Survivors (SOAR): Results of a Randomized Controlled Pilot.” Breast Cancer Research and Treatment 168 (1): 259–67. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10549-017-4564-2.
Bray, Victoria J., Haryana M. Dhillon, Melanie L. Bell, Michael Kabourakis, Mallorie H. Fiero, Desmond Yip, Frances Boyle, Melanie A. Price, and Janette L. Vardy. 2017. “Evaluation of a Web-Based Cognitive Rehabilitation Program in Cancer Survivors Reporting Cognitive Symptoms after Chemotherapy.” Journal of Clinical Oncology 35 (2): 217–25. http://ascopubs.org/doi/abs/10.1200/JCO.2016.67.8201.
Von Ah, Diane, Janet S. Carpenter, Andrew Saykin, Patrick Monahan, Jingwei Wu, Menggang Yu, George Rebok, et al. 2012. “Advanced Cognitive Training for Breast Cancer Survivors: A Randomized Controlled Trial.” Breast Cancer Research and Treatment 135 (3): 799–809. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10549-012-2210-6.
Toups, Kat, Ann Hathaway, Deborah Gordon, Henrianna Chung, Cyrus Raji, Alan Boyd, Benjamin D. Hill, et al. 2022. “Precision Medicine Approach to Alzheimer’s Disease: Successful Pilot Project.” Journal of Alzheimer’s Disease Preprint (Preprint): 1–11. https://doi.org/10.3233/JAD-215707.
Rouse, Hillary J., Brent J. Small, and Mark E. Faust. 2019. “Assessment of Cognitive Training & Social Interaction in People with Mild to Moderate Dementia: A Pilot Study.” Clinical Gerontologist 42 (4): 421–34. https://doi.org/10.1080/07317115.2019.1590489.
Edwards, Jerri D., Huiping Xu, Daniel O. Clark, Lin T. Guey, Lesley A. Ross, and Frederick W. Unverzagt. 2017. “Speed of Processing Training Results in Lower Risk of Dementia.” Alzheimer’s & Dementia: Translational Research & Clinical Interventions 3 (4): 603–11. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2352873717300598.
Szymkowicz, Sarah M., Warren D. Taylor, and Adam J. Woods. 2022. “Augmenting Cognitive Training with Bifrontal TDCS Decreases Subclinical Depressive Symptoms in Older Adults: Preliminary Findings.” Brain Stimulation: Basic, Translational, and Clinical Research in Neuromodulation 15 (5): 1037–39. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.brs.2022.07.055.
Hagen, Bjørn Ingulfsvann, Bjørn Lau, Jutta Joormann, Milada Cvancarova Småstuen, Nils Inge Landrø, and Jan Stubberud. 2020. “Goal Management Training as a Cognitive Remediation Intervention in Depression: A Randomized Controlled Trial.” Journal of Affective Disorders 275 (October): 268–77. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jad.2020.07.015.
Morimoto, Sarah Shizuko, Roger Alan Altizer, Faith M. Gunning, Willie Hu, Jiacheng Liu, Sarah E. Cote, Juliana Nitis, and George S. Alexopoulos. 2020. “Targeting Cognitive Control Deficits with Neuroplasticity-Based Computerized Cognitive Remediation in Patients with Geriatric Major Depression: A Randomized, Double-Blind, Controlled Trial.” The American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry 28 (9): 971–80. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jagp.2020.05.023.
Hagen, Bjørn Ingulfsvann, Nils Inge Landrø, Bjørn Lau, Ernst H. W. Koster, and Jan Stubberud. 2020. “Predictors of Long-Term Improvement Following Cognitive Remediation in a Sample with Elevated Depressive Symptoms.” Frontiers in Psychology 11. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2020.02232.
Wolinsky, Fredric D., Mark W. Vander Weg, M. Bryant Howren, Michael P. Jones, and Megan M. Dotson. 2015. “The Effect of Cognitive Speed of Processing Training on the Development of Additional IADL Difficulties and the Reduction of Depressive Symptoms Results from the IHAMS Randomized Controlled Trial.” Journal of Aging and Health 27 (2): 334–54. https://doi.org/10.1177/0898264314550715.
Mao, Ronghua, Changxiang Chen, Dan Li, Shuxing Li, and Min Zhang. 2015. “Intervention Effect of BrainHQ Visual Training on Depressive Symptom in Patients with Post Stroke Depression.” Chinese Journal of Behavioral Medical Science 24 (12): 1097–99. http://caod.oriprobe.com/articles/47568245/Intervention_effect_of_BrainHQ_visual_training_on_depressive_symptom_i.htm.
Morimoto, Sarah Shizuko, Bruce E. Wexler, Jiacheng Liu, Willie Hu, Joanna Seirup, and George S. Alexopoulos. 2014. “Neuroplasticity-Based Computerized Cognitive Remediation for Treatment-Resistant Geriatric Depression.” Nature Communications 5 (4579): 1–7. https://doi.org/doi:10.1038/ncomms5579.
Wolinsky, F D, H W Mahncke, M W Vander Weg, R Martin, F W Unverzagt, K K Ball, R N Jones, and S L Tennstedt. 2009. “The ACTIVE Cognitive Training Interventions and the Onset of and Recovery from Suspected Clinical Depression.” The Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences 64 (5): 577–85. https://doi.org/10.1093/geronb/gbp061.
Wolinsky, F. D., M. W. Vander Weg, R Martin, F. W. Unverzagt, K. K. Ball, R. N. Jones, and S. L. Tennstedt. 2009. “The Effect of Speed-of-Processing Training on Depressive Symptoms in ACTIVE.” The Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences 64 (4): 468–72. https://doi.org/10.1093/gerona/gln044.
Natovich, Rachel, Noa Gayus, Michal Azmon, Hila Michal, Omri Gury Twito, Tomer Yair, Svetlana Raudoi, Ori Kapra, and Tali Cukierman-Yaffe. 2020. “A Comprehensive Intervention for Promoting Successful Aging amongst Older People with Diabetes with Below-Normal Cognitive Function—a Feasibility Study.” Frontiers in Endocrinology 11. https://doi.org/10.3389/fendo.2020.00348.
Cuevas, Heather E., Alexa K. Stuifbergen, Sharon A. Brown, and Catherine Ward. 2019. “A Nurse-Led Cognitive Training Intervention for Individuals With Type 2 Diabetes.” Research in Gerontological Nursing 12 (4): 203–12. https://doi.org/10.3928/19404921-20190612-01.
Kraft, Jessica N., Hanna K. Hausman, Cheshire Hardcastle, Alejandro Albizu, Andrew O’Shea, Nicole D. Evangelista, Emanuel M. Boutzoukas, et al. 2022. “Task-Based Functional Connectivity of the Useful Field of View (UFOV) FMRI Task.” GeroScience, August. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11357-022-00632-1.
Boutzoukas, Emanuel M., Andrew O’Shea, Jessica N. Kraft, Cheshire Hardcastle, Nicole D. Evangelista, Hanna K. Hausman, Alejandro Albizu, et al. 2022. “Higher White Matter Hyperintensity Load Adversely Affects Pre-Post Proximal Cognitive Training Performance in Healthy Older Adults.” GeroScience, March. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11357-022-00538-y.
Hardcastle, Cheshire, Hanna K. Hausman, Jessica N. Kraft, Alejandro Albizu, Andrew O’Shea, Emanuel M. Boutzoukas, Nicole D. Evangelista, et al. 2022. “Proximal Improvement and Higher-Order Resting State Network Change after Multidomain Cognitive Training Intervention in Healthy Older Adults.” GeroScience, March. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11357-022-00535-1.
Meltzer, Jed A., Mira Kates Rose, Anna Y. Le, Kiah A. Spencer, Leora Goldstein, Alina Gubanova, Abbie C. Lai, Maryam Yossofzai, Sabrina E.M. Armstrong, and Ellen Bialystok. 2021. “Improvement in Executive Function for Older Adults through Smartphone Apps: A Randomized Clinical Trial Comparing Language Learning and Brain Training.” Aging, Neuropsychology, and Cognition 0 (0): 1–22. https://doi.org/10.1080/13825585.2021.1991262.
Hudak, Elizabeth M., Karen L. Bell, Cidnee Hall, Lori D. Grismore, Jake LaVere, and Jerri D. Edwards. 2021. “Dynamic Useful Field of View Training to Enhance Older Adults’ Cognitive and Motor Function: A Pilot Study.” Journal of Cognitive Enhancement, July. https://doi.org/10.1007/s41465-021-00219-2.
Routledge, Kylie M., Leanne M. Williams, Anthony W. F. Harris, Peter R. Schofield, and Justine M. Gatt. 2021. “The Impact of Online Brain Training Exercises on Experiences of Depression, Anxiety and Emotional Wellbeing in a Twin Sample.” Journal of Psychiatric Research 134 (February): 138–49. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpsychires.2020.12.054.
Czaja, Sara J., Peter Kallestrup, and Philip D. Harvey. 2020. “Evaluation of a Novel Technology-Based Program Designed to Assess and Train Everyday Skills in Older Adults.” Innovation in Aging 4 (6). https://doi.org/10.1093/geroni/igaa052.
Edwards, Jerri D., Christine B. Phillips, Melissa L. O’Connor, Jennifer L. O’Brien, Elizabeth M. Hudak, and Jody S. Nicholson. 2020. “Applying the Health Belief Model to Quantify and Investigate Expectations for Computerized Cognitive Training.” Journal of Cognitive Enhancement, August. https://doi.org/10.1007/s41465-020-00183-3.
Lee, Hyun Kyu, James D. Kent, Christopher Wendel, Fredric D. Wolinsky, Eric D. Foster, Michael M. Merzenich, and Michelle W. Voss. 2020. “Home-Based, Adaptive Cognitive Training for Cognitively Normal Older Adults: Initial Efficacy Trial.” The Journals of Gerontology: Series B 75 (6): 1144–54. https://doi.org/10.1093/geronb/gbz073.
Ogawa, Elisa F., Haikun Huang, Lap-Fai Yu, Philimon N. Gona, Richard K. Fleming, Suzanne G. Leveille, and Tongjian You. 2020. “Effects of Exergaming on Cognition and Gait in Older Adults at Risk for Falling.” Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise 52 (3): 754–61. https://doi.org/10.1249/MSS.0000000000002167.
Miller, Steven L., Suhas Chelian, Will McBurnett, Winnie Tsou, and Amy A. Kruse. 2019. “An Investigation of Computer-Based Brain Training on the Cognitive and EEG Performance of Employees*.” 2019 41st Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society (EMBC), July, 518–21. https://doi.org/10.1109/EMBC.2019.8856758.
Walters, Jim, Stanley E. Sheft, Mark A. Stellmack, and Anna Abele. 2019. “Improving Attentiveness: Effect of Cognitive Training on Sustained Attention Measures.” Professional Safety 64 (04): 31–35. https://www.onepetro.org/journal-paper/ASSE-19-04-31.
Ross, Lesley A., Christina E. Webb, Christine Whitaker, Jarrod M. Hicks, Erica L. Schmidt, Shaadee Samimy, Nancy A. Dennis, and Kristina M. Visscher. 2019. “The Effects of Useful Field of View Training on Brain Activity and Connectivity.” The Journals of Gerontology: Series B 74 (7): 1152–62. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6941209/.
Faust, Mark E., Kristi S. Multhaup, Michelle S. Ong, George J. Demakis, and Kelly G. Balz. 2019. “Exploring the Specificity, Synergy, and Durability of Auditory and Visual Computer Game Transfer Effects in Healthy Older Adults.” The Journals of Gerontology: Series B. https://doi.org/10.1093/geronb/gbz096.
Belchior, Patrícia, Anna Yam, Kelsey R. Thomas, Daphne Bavelier, Karlene K. Ball, William C. Mann, and Michael Marsiske. 2019. “Computer and Videogame Interventions for Older Adults’ Cognitive and Everyday Functioning.” Games for Health Journal. https://doi.org/10.1089/g4h.2017.0092.
Andringa, Ronald, Erin R. Harell, Michael Dieciuc, and Walter R. Boot. 2019. “Older Adults’ Perceptions of Video Game Training in the Intervention Comparative Effectiveness for Adult Cognitive Training (ICE-ACT) Clinical Trial: An Exploratory Analysis.” In Human Aspects of IT for the Aged Population. Social Media, Games and Assistive Environments, edited by Jia Zhou and Gavriel Salvendy, 125–34. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Cham: Springer International Publishing. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-22015-0_10.
Hamilton, Joseph A., Gary Lambert, Joel Suss, and Adam T. Biggs. 2019. “Can Cognitive Training Improve Shoot/Don’t-Shoot Performance? Evidence from Live Fire Exercises.” The American Journal of Psychology 132 (2): 179–94. https://www.jstor.org/stable/10.5406/amerjpsyc.132.2.0179.
Gross, Alden L., Brennan R. Payne, Ramon Casanova, Pega Davoudzadeh, Joseph M. Dzierzewski, Sarah Farias, Tania Giovannetti, et al. 2018. “The ACTIVE Conceptual Framework as a Structural Equation Model.” Experimental Aging Research 44 (1): 1–17. https://doi.org/10.1080/0361073X.2017.1398802.
Edwards, Jerri D., Huiping Xu, Daniel O. Clark, Lin T. Guey, Lesley A. Ross, and Frederick W. Unverzagt. 2017. “Speed of Processing Training Results in Lower Risk of Dementia.” Alzheimer’s & Dementia: Translational Research & Clinical Interventions 3 (4): 603–11. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2352873717300598.
Eramudugolla, Ranmalee, Kim M. Kiely, Sidhant Chopra, and Kaarin J. Anstey. 2017. “Effect of Speed of Processing Training on Older Driver Screening Measures.” Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience 9: 338. https://doi.org/10.3389/fnagi.2017.00338.
Van Vleet, Thomas M., Joseph M. DeGutis, Michael M. Merzenich, Gregory V. Simpson, Ativ Zomet, and Sawsan Dabit. 2016. “Targeting Alertness to Improve Cognition in Older Adults: A Preliminary Report of Benefits in Executive Function and Skill Acquisition.” Cortex 82 (September): 100–118. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cortex.2016.05.015.
Clark, Daniel O., Huiping Xu, Frederick W. Unverzagt, and Hugh Hendrie. 2015. “Does Targeted Cognitive Training Reduce Educational Disparities in Cognitive Function among Cognitively Normal Older Adults?” International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry 31 (7): 1099–1166. https://doi.org/10.1002/gps.4395.
Bamidis, Panagiotis D., Patrick Fissler, Sokratis G. Papageorgiou, Vasiliki Zilidou, Evdokimos I. Konstantinidis, Antonis S. Billis, Evangelia Romanopoulou, et al. 2015. “Gains in Cognition through Combined Cognitive and Physical Training: The Role of Training Dosage and Severity of Neurocognitive Disorder.” Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience 7 (152): 1–15. https://doi.org/10.3389/fnagi.2015.00152.
Smith-Ray, Renae L., Susan L. Hughes, Thomas R. Prohaska, Deborah M. Little, Donald A. Jurivich, and Donald Hedeker. 2015. “Impact of Cognitive Training on Balance and Gait in Older Adults.” The Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences 70 (3): 357–66. https://doi.org/10.1093/geronb/gbt097.
Wolinsky, Fredric D., Mark W. Vander Weg, M. Bryant Howren, Michael P. Jones, and Megan M. Dotson. 2015. “The Effect of Cognitive Speed of Processing Training on the Development of Additional IADL Difficulties and the Reduction of Depressive Symptoms Results from the IHAMS Randomized Controlled Trial.” Journal of Aging and Health 27 (2): 334–54. https://doi.org/10.1177/0898264314550715.
Mishra, Jyoti, Camarin Rolle, and Adam Gazzaley. 2015. “Neural Plasticity Underlying Visual Perceptual Learning in Aging.” Brain Research 1612: 140–51. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0006899314011962.
Ross, Lesley A., Jerri D. Edwards, Melissa L. O’Connor, Karlene K. Ball, Virginia G. Wadley, and David E. Vance. 2015. “The Transfer of Cognitive Speed of Processing Training to Older Adults’ Driving Mobility across 5 Years.” The Journals of Gerontology Series B: Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences 71 (1): 87–97. https://doi.org/10.1093/geronb/gbv022.
Wolinsky, Fredric D., Mark W. Vander Weg, M. Bryant Howren, Michael P. Jones, and Megan M. Dotson. 2015. “Effects of Cognitive Speed of Processing Training on a Composite Neuropsychological Outcome: Results at One-Year from the IHAMS Randomized Controlled Trial.” International Psychogeriatrics 28 (2): 317–30. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1017/S1041610215001428.
Mishra, Jyoti, Etienne de Villers-Sidani, Michael Merzenich, and Adam Gazzaley. 2014. “Adaptive Training Diminishes Distractibility in Aging across Species.” Neuron 84 (5): 1091–1103. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.neuron.2014.10.034.
Smith-Ray, Renae L., Beth Makowski-Woidan, and Susan L. Hughes. 2014. “A Randomized Trial to Measure the Impact of a Community-Based Cognitive Training Intervention on Balance and Gait in Cognitively Intact Black Older Adults.” Health Education & Behavior 41 (1 suppl): 62S-69S. http://heb.sagepub.com/content/41/1_suppl/62S.short.
Elliott, Amanda F., Melissa L. O’Connor, and Jerri D. Edwards. 2014. “Cognitive Speed of Processing Training in Older Adults with Visual Impairments.” Ophthalmic and Physiological Optics 34 (5): 509–18. https://doi.org/10.1111/opo.12148.
Anderson, Samira, Travis White-Schwoch, Hee Jae Choi, and Nina Kraus. 2014. “Partial Maintenance of Auditory-Based Cognitive Training Benefits in Older Adults.” Neuropsychologia 62 (September): 286–96. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2014.07.034.
González-Palau, Fátima, Manuel Franco, Panagiotis Bamidis, Raquel Losada, Esther Parra, Sokratis G. Papageorgiou, and Ana B. Vivas. 2014. “The Effects of a Computer-Based Cognitive and Physical Training Program in a Healthy and Mildly Cognitive Impaired Aging Sample.” Aging & Mental Health 18 (7): 838–46. https://doi.org/10.1080/13607863.2014.899972.
Zelinski, Elizabeth M., Kelly D. Peters, Shoshana Hindin, Kevin T. Petway, and Robert F. Kennison. 2014. “Evaluating the Relationship between Change in Performance on Training Tasks and on Untrained Outcomes.” Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 8 (617): 1–14. https://doi.org/10.3389/fnhum.2014.00617.
Sharpe, Chantelle, Amanda A. Holup, Kevin E. Hansen, and Jerri D. Edwards. 2014. “Does Self-Efficacy Affect Responsiveness to Cognitive Speed of Processing Training?” Journal of Aging and Health 26 (5): 786–806. https://doi.org/10.1177/0898264314531615.
Strenziok, Maren, Raja Parasuraman, Ellen Clarke, Dean S. Cisler, James C. Thompson, and Pamela M. Greenwood. 2014. “Neurocognitive Enhancement in Older Adults: Comparison of Three Cognitive Training Tasks to Test a Hypothesis of Training Transfer in Brain Connectivity.” NeuroImage 85, Part 3 (January): 1027–39. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.neuroimage.2013.07.069.
Rebok, George W., Karlene Ball, Lin T. Guey, Richard N. Jones, Hae-Young Kim, Jonathan W. King, Michael Marsiske, et al. 2014. “Ten-Year Effects of the Advanced Cognitive Training for Independent and Vital Elderly Cognitive Training Trial on Cognition and Everyday Functioning in Older Adults.” Journal of the American Geriatrics Society 62 (1): 16–24. https://doi.org/10.1111/jgs.12607.
Ball, Karlene K., Lesley A. Ross, David L. Roth, and Jerri D. Edwards. 2013. “Speed of Processing Training in the ACTIVE Study: Who Benefits?” Journal of Aging and Health 25 (8 suppl): 65S-84S. https://doi.org/10.1177/0898264312470167.
Jones, Richard N., Michael Marsiske, Karlene Ball, George Rebok, Sherry L. Willis, John N. Morris, and Sharon L. Tennstedt. 2013. “The ACTIVE Cognitive Training Interventions and Trajectories of Performance among Older Adults.” Journal of Aging and Health 25 (8 suppl): 186S-208S. https://doi.org/10.1177/0898264312461938.
Wolinsky, Fredric D., Mark W. Vander Weg, M. Bryant Howren, Michael P. Jones, and Megan M. Dotson. 2013. “A Randomized Controlled Trial of Cognitive Training Using a Visual Speed of Processing Intervention in Middle Aged and Older Adults.” PLoS ONE 8 (5): e61624. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0061624.
Belchior, Patrícia, Michael Marsiske, Shannon M. Sisco, Anna Yam, Daphne Bavelier, Karlene Ball, and William C. Mann. 2013. “Video Game Training to Improve Selective Visual Attention in Older Adults.” Computers in Human Behavior 29 (4): 1318–24. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chb.2013.01.034.
Anderson, Samira, Travis White-Schwoch, Hee Jae Choi, and Nina Kraus. 2013. “Training Changes Processing of Speech Cues in Older Adults with Hearing Loss.” Frontiers in Systems Neuroscience 7 (97): 1–9. https://doi.org/10.3389/fnsys.2013.00097.
Anderson, Samira, Travis White-Schwoch, Alexandra Parbery-Clark, and Nina Kraus. 2013. “Reversal of Age-Related Neural Timing Delays with Training.” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 110 (11): 4357–62. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1213555110.
Burge, Wesley K., Lesley A. Ross, Frank R. Amthor, William G. Mitchell, Alexander Zotov, and Kristina M. Visscher. 2013. “Processing Speed Training Increases the Efficiency of Attentional Resource Allocation in Young Adults.” Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 7 (684): 1–7. https://doi.org/10.3389/fnhum.2013.00684.
O’Brien, Jennifer L., Jerri D. Edwards, Nathan D. Maxfield, Carol L. Peronto, Victoria A. Williams, and Jennifer J. Lister. 2013. “Cognitive Training and Selective Attention in the Aging Brain: An Electrophysiological Study.” Clinical Neurophysiology 124 (11): 2198–2208. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1016/j.clinph.2013.05.012.
Edwards, Jerri D., Christine L. Ruva, Jennifer L. O’Brien, Christine B. Haley, and Jennifer J. Lister. 2013. “An Examination of Mediators of the Transfer of Cognitive Speed of Processing Training to Everyday Functional Performance.” Psychology and Aging 28 (2): 314–21. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0030474.
Belchior, Patrícia, Michael Marsiske, Shannon Sisco, Anna Yam, and William Mann. 2012. “Older Adults’ Engagement with a Video Game Training Program.” Activities, Adaptation & Aging 36 (4): 269–79. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/23504652/.
Szelag, Elzbieta, and Justyna Skolimowska. 2012. “Cognitive Function in Elderly Can Be Ameliorated by Training in Temporal Information Processing.” Restorative Neurology and Neuroscience 30 (5): 419–34. https://doi.org/10.3233/RNN-2012-120240.
Wolinsky, Fredric D, Mark W Vander Weg, M Bryant Howren, Michael P Jones, Rene Martin, Tana M Luger, Kevin Duff, and Megan M Dotson. 2011. “Interim Analyses from a Randomised Controlled Trial to Improve Visual Processing Speed in Older Adults: The Iowa Healthy and Active Minds Study.” BMJ Open 1 (2): e000225. https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2011-000225.
Zelinski, E. M., L. M. Spina, K. Yaffe, R. Ruff, R. F. Kennison, H. W. Mahncke, and G. E. Smith. 2011. “Improvement in Memory with Plasticity-Based Adaptive Cognitive Training (IMPACT): Results of the 3-Month Follow-Up.” Journal of the American Geriatrics Society 59 (February): 258–65. http://scholar.google.com/scholar?cluster=17102728565278527788.
Gary, Rebecca A., Sudeshna Paul, Elizabeth Corwin, Brittany Butts, Andrew H. Miller, Kenneth Hepburn, and Drenna Waldrop. 2020. “Exercise and Cognitive Training Intervention Improves Self-Care, Quality of Life and Functional Capacity in Persons with Heart Failure.” Journal of Applied Gerontology, October, 0733464820964338. https://doi.org/10.1177/0733464820964338.
Gary, R, S Paul, E Corwin, B Butts, A Miller, K Hepburn, and D Waldrop-Valverde. 2019. “Exercise and Cognitive Training as a Strategy to Improve Neurocognitive Outcomes in Heart Failure: A Pilot Study.” https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jagp.2019.01.211.
Pressler, Susan J., Marita Titler, Todd M. Koelling, Penny L. Riley, Miyeon Jung, Lisa Hoyland-Domenico, David L. Ronis, et al. 2015. “Nurse-Enhanced Computerized Cognitive Training Increases Serum Brain-Derived Neurotropic Factor Levels and Improves Working Memory in Heart Failure.” Journal of Cardiac Failure 21 (8): 630–41. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cardfail.2015.05.004.
Athilingam, Ponrathi, Jerri D. Edwards, Elise G. Valdes, Ming Ji, and Maya Guglin. 2015. “Computerized Auditory Cognitive Training to Improve Cognition and Functional Outcomes in Patients with Heart Failure: Results of a Pilot Study.” Heart & Lung: The Journal of Acute and Critical Care 44 (2): 120–28. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.hrtlng.2014.12.004.
Ellis, Michelle L., Jerri D. Edwards, Lindsay Peterson, Rosalyn Roker, and Ponrathi Athilingam. 2014. “Effects of Cognitive Speed of Processing Training among Older Adults with Heart Failure.” Journal of Aging and Health 26 (4): 600–615. https://doi.org/10.1177/0898264314525666.
Pressler, Susan J., Alison Martineau, Judith Grossi, Bruno Giordani, Todd M. Koelling, David L. Ronis, Penny L. Riley, Cheng-Chen Chou, Barbara J. Sullivan, and Dean G. Smith. 2013. “Healthcare Resource Use among Heart Failure Patients in a Randomized Pilot Study of a Cognitive Training Intervention.” Heart & Lung 42 (5): 332–38. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S0147956313001386.
Pressler, Susan J., Barbara Therrien, Penny L. Riley, Cheng-Chen Chou, David L. Ronis, Todd M. Koelling, Dean G. Smith, Barbara Jean Sullivan, Ann-Marie Frankini, and Bruno Giordani. 2011. “Nurse-Enhanced Memory Intervention in Heart Failure: The MEMOIR Study.” Journal of Cardiac Failure 17 (10): 832–43. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1071916411009730.
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